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dc.contributor.authorConkle, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorLunn, Brianne
dc.contributor.authorMenestrina, Jocelyn
dc.contributor.authorBretz, Norton
dc.contributor.authorHannert, Tim
dc.date.accessioned2011-02-19T18:12:40Z
dc.date.available2011-02-19T18:12:40Z
dc.date.issued2004-08
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11045/20107
dc.descriptionShoreline Algal Survey In the summer of 2004 Three Lakes Association conducted the latest in a series of algal surveys on Lake Bellaire, Clam Lake, and Torch Lake. A team of TLA volunteers and Bellaire High School interns using kayaks examined the entire shoreline of these lakes. Our goal was to locate places where nutrients like phosphorus might be entering our lakes and use this data as a roadmap for future examinations of the sources. Observations made during this survey identified a total of 69 significant sites: 45 on Torch, 13 on Bellaire, and 11 on Clam Lake. These sites will be followed up during the summer of 2005.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn the summer of 2004 the Three Lakes Association conducted the latest in a series of cladophora surveys on Torch Lake, Clam Lake, and Lake Bellaire. A team of TLA volunteers and Bellaire High School interns using kayaks examined the entire shoreline of these lakes. Wherever cladophora or cladophora like algae was found near the shore, the locations were logged with a Global Positioning System (GPS), the size of the bloom noted, and samples taken. This survey was carried out weekly over the course of ten weeks and when poor weather conditions limited time on the water, the samples were examined under a microscope to determine the type of algae. Cladophora, Ulothrix, and Spirogyra made up approximately 70% of these samples, but like cladophora all grow in response to the presence of low levels of phosphorus. While phosphorus promotes growth of all types of plant life, the ones found in our samples are the earliest and most prolific detectors this substance. Our goal, as in the past, has been to locate places where phosphorus nutrients are coming into our lakes and use them as a roadmap for future examinations of the sources. Sources include lawn fertilizers and soaps, leaking septic systems, agricultural fertilizers, creeks and rivers (which drain regions well away from the shoreline), and natural wells and seeps.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherThree Lakes Associationen_US
dc.subjectTorch Lakeen_US
dc.subjectClam Lakeen_US
dc.subjectLake Bellaireen_US
dc.subjectBoardman-Charlevoix Watersheden_US
dc.subjectHUC 4060105en_US
dc.subjectWater qualityen_US
dc.titleA Shoreline Algal Survey of Torch Lake, Clam Lake and Lake Bellaireen_US
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US


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